Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) is an emergency that must be treated immediately. Without treatment, a low blood sugar may progress to unconsciousness and convulsions.
Low blood sugars can be prevented by:
- Providing extra snacks for extra activity (consult exercise guide and/or dietitian)
- Eating immediately after taking insulin if the blood sugar is less than 100 mg/dl (5.5 mmol/l)
- Eating an extra snack of carbohydrate and protein if the blood sugar is less than 120 mg/dl (6.7 mmol/l) at bedtime
- Replacing carbohydrates in the meal plan with things like regular pop, regular popsicles on sick days
Treatment should be given whenever the blood sugar drops below 70 mg/dl (3.9 mmol/l) or symptoms are present.
Low Blood Sugar Symptoms and Treatment
For Additional Information
- Guidelines for Treating Lows by Age
- Emergency Glucose
- Glucagon Emergency Kit
- Ask the Diabetes Team questions about hypoglycemia
- Hypoglycemia by the NIDDK